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The speed with which this phenomenon surfaced is aptly illustrated by comparing two self-finance books for such women. Barrett takes a totally different angle in Whether through greater ambition, superior education, more careful investing, divorce, or simply fortuitous timing, expecting to be the breadwinner in your life, with or without a supportive partner, is paramount to personal and financial success. About 38 percent of wives earn more than their husbands, according to the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics.


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Bianca Parry does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. They largely — or solely — support the home financially as breadwinners.

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That amounts to nearly 6. Despite this ificantfemale headed households in general are under-researched. This le to the assumption that their experiences as primary breadwinners are the same as male primary breadwinners.

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Our exploratory research focused on psychological questions. : Pasha How to increase the role women play in developing the continent.

Becoming the primary earner? female breadwinners share their advice

For our study, we used a research method called phenomenologywhich focuses on personal perspectives. As is usual for this kind of research, our study focused was on a small sample: only 10 women who were the primary breadwinners in their families. The smaller sample size was necessary because of the large amount of data collected during the interviews.

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To date, ours is the only in-depth study on the female breadwinner phenomenon in the country. We found that almost all the women in our study did not choose the role but were forced by circumstance to be breadwinners.

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We also found that most felt it was better to be single as a breadwinner than married or in a relationship. The participants came from two South African provinces: Gauteng, the urban economic hub of the country, and Mpumalanga, a rural region to the east of the country, largely dedicated to agriculture and tourism. The women had a of dependants and had been the primary providers for at least two years.

Being family’s sole breadwinner may affect your health

Marital and relationship status was not a defining criterion when choosing participants. Only two of the participants were married.

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Most were single, having chosen to be divorced or never to marry. Most provided for their families without any help from a male partner.

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For eight of the participants, their choice of being single resulted from their experiences of physical, emotional and sexual violence. They feel that insecurity and unfortunately there is no medicine for that. I was gonna stay if he was not abusive, but he was physically fighting….

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All the women said they believed that their role as female breadwinners was viewed as threatening to the traditional male role of a provider. They believed that men in South Africa were struggling to deal with the evolving male identity. This was explained by a small business owner and divorced mom of two, who had attributed her failed marriage to her role as breadwinner:. Despite the fact they were primary providers in the home, the majority of the women were also responsible for all domestic and childcare tasks.

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This made it challenging for them to balance their work responsibilities with their home life. It also left them with little time to devote to romantic relationships or their own personal needs and aspirations. All the women found their employment empowering.

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But, six of the ten said having a male partner did not ease the double load of home and childcare duties, in addition to provider responsibilities. : South Africa's failure to legislate on religious marriages leaves women vulnerable. When added to experiences of violence, abuse and infidelity, eight of the ten women felt that it was safer and easier to be single.

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Although this was a small, exploratory study, we hope it will generate further interest on the topic and facilitate further research. Sharing the experiences of female breadwinners could also generate discussions about stereotypical gender roles in modern society.

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This may help both men and women understand evolving gender roles, and how these impact their relationships and families. Models for Cause and Effect: causal inference for social scientists — Southampton, Southampton.

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Edition: Available editions United Kingdom. Bianca ParryUniversity of South Africa.

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Look Inside.


According to a new research, being the sole breadwinner of a family comes with more than just the responsibility of financing the household.


The speed with which this phenomenon surfaced is aptly illustrated by comparing two self-finance books for such women.


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